PHP 编译安装 各参数配置详解

php编译安装的基本步骤

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//首先要下载一个php的安装包,例如:php-5.6.33.tar.gz,

# tar zxvf php-5.6.33.tar.gz // 解压php安装包,得到一个php-5.6.33的文件夹

# cd php-5.6.33 // 进入php-5.6.33安装目录

# ./configure // 对php的安装进行配置,后面要加配置选项

# make && make install // 编译安装

//编译安装完成之后,需要从解压后的文件夹中把php.ini-development
//或是 php.ini-production 重命名成php.ini 复制到php安装文件中的相应位置,
//可在phpinfo中查看相应位置.
//把/usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf.default 复制到当前文件夹下,保存为php-fpm.conf

上面是php编译安装的基本流程,下面详细介绍php的配置参数.

php各参数配置

在php安装目录执行./configure --help可查看参数配置信息

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[root@izm5e4cvab4crhrlpfabpxz php-7.2.2]# ./configure --help
`configure' configures this package to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: ./configure [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE. See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.

Configuration:
-h, --help display this help and exit
--help=short display options specific to this package
--help=recursive display the short help of all the included packages
-V, --version display version information and exit
-q, --quiet, --silent do not print `checking ...' messages
--cache-file=FILE cache test results in FILE [disabled]
-C, --config-cache alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'
-n, --no-create do not create output files
--srcdir=DIR find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..']

Installation directories:
--prefix=PREFIX install architecture-independent files in PREFIX
[/usr/local]
--exec-prefix=EPREFIX install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX
[PREFIX]

By default, `make install' will install all the files in
`/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/lib' etc. You can specify
an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' using `--prefix',
for instance `--prefix=$HOME'.

For better control, use the options below.

Fine tuning of the installation directories:
--bindir=DIR user executables [EPREFIX/bin]
--sbindir=DIR system admin executables [EPREFIX/sbin]
--libexecdir=DIR program executables [EPREFIX/libexec]
--sysconfdir=DIR read-only single-machine data [PREFIX/etc]
--sharedstatedir=DIR modifiable architecture-independent data [PREFIX/com]
--localstatedir=DIR modifiable single-machine data [PREFIX/var]
--libdir=DIR object code libraries [EPREFIX/lib]
--includedir=DIR C header files [PREFIX/include]
--oldincludedir=DIR C header files for non-gcc [/usr/include]
--datarootdir=DIR read-only arch.-independent data root [PREFIX/share]
--datadir=DIR read-only architecture-independent data [DATAROOTDIR]
--infodir=DIR info documentation [DATAROOTDIR/info]
--localedir=DIR locale-dependent data [DATAROOTDIR/locale]
--mandir=DIR man documentation [DATAROOTDIR/man]
--docdir=DIR documentation root [DATAROOTDIR/doc/PACKAGE]
--htmldir=DIR html documentation [DOCDIR]
--dvidir=DIR dvi documentation [DOCDIR]
--pdfdir=DIR pdf documentation [DOCDIR]
--psdir=DIR ps documentation [DOCDIR]

System types:
--build=BUILD configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
--host=HOST cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
--target=TARGET configure for building compilers for TARGET [HOST]

Optional Features and Packages:
--disable-option-checking ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
--disable-FEATURE do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
--enable-FEATURE[=ARG] include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
--with-PACKAGE[=ARG] use PACKAGE [ARG=yes]
--without-PACKAGE do not use PACKAGE (same as --with-PACKAGE=no)
--with-libdir=NAME Look for libraries in .../NAME rather than .../lib
--disable-rpath Disable passing additional runtime library
search paths
--enable-re2c-cgoto Enable -g flag to re2c to use computed goto gcc extension
--disable-gcc-global-regs
whether to enable GCC global register variables

SAPI modules:

--with-apxs2=FILE Build shared Apache 2.0 Handler module. FILE is the optional
pathname to the Apache apxs tool apxs
--disable-cli Disable building CLI version of PHP
(this forces --without-pear)
--enable-embed=TYPE EXPERIMENTAL: Enable building of embedded SAPI library
TYPE is either 'shared' or 'static'. TYPE=shared
--enable-fpm Enable building of the fpm SAPI executable
--with-fpm-user=USER Set the user for php-fpm to run as. (default: nobody)
--with-fpm-group=GRP Set the group for php-fpm to run as. For a system user, this
should usually be set to match the fpm username (default: nobody)
--with-fpm-systemd Activate systemd integration
--with-fpm-acl Use POSIX Access Control Lists
--with-litespeed Build PHP as litespeed module
--enable-phpdbg Build phpdbg
--enable-phpdbg-webhelper Build phpdbg web SAPI support
--enable-phpdbg-debug Build phpdbg in debug mode
--disable-cgi Disable building CGI version of PHP

General settings:

--enable-gcov Enable GCOV code coverage (requires LTP) - FOR DEVELOPERS ONLY!!
--enable-debug Compile with debugging symbols
--with-layout=TYPE Set how installed files will be laid out. Type can
be either PHP or GNU [PHP]
--with-config-file-path=PATH
Set the path in which to look for php.ini [PREFIX/lib]
--with-config-file-scan-dir=PATH
Set the path where to scan for configuration files
--enable-sigchild Enable PHP's own SIGCHLD handler
--enable-libgcc Enable explicitly linking against libgcc
--disable-short-tags Disable the short-form <? start tag by default
--enable-dmalloc Enable dmalloc
--disable-ipv6 Disable IPv6 support
--enable-dtrace Enable DTrace support
--enable-fd-setsize Set size of descriptor sets

Extensions:

--with-EXTENSION=shared[,PATH]

NOTE: Not all extensions can be build as 'shared'.

Example: --with-foobar=shared,/usr/local/foobar/

o Builds the foobar extension as shared extension.
o foobar package install prefix is /usr/local/foobar/


--disable-all Disable all extensions which are enabled by default

--disable-libxml Disable LIBXML support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR LIBXML: libxml2 install prefix
--with-openssl=DIR Include OpenSSL support (requires OpenSSL >= 1.0.1)
--with-kerberos=DIR OPENSSL: Include Kerberos support
--with-system-ciphers OPENSSL: Use system default cipher list instead of hardcoded value
--with-pcre-regex=DIR Include Perl Compatible Regular Expressions support.
DIR is the PCRE install prefix BUNDLED
--with-pcre-jit Enable PCRE JIT functionality (BUNDLED only)
--with-pcre-valgrind=DIR
Enable PCRE valgrind support. Developers only!
--without-sqlite3=DIR Do not include SQLite3 support. DIR is the prefix to
SQLite3 installation directory.
--with-zlib=DIR Include ZLIB support (requires zlib >= 1.0.9)
--with-zlib-dir=<DIR> Define the location of zlib install directory
--enable-bcmath Enable bc style precision math functions
--with-bz2=DIR Include BZip2 support
--enable-calendar Enable support for calendar conversion
--disable-ctype Disable ctype functions
--with-curl=DIR Include cURL support
--enable-dba Build DBA with bundled modules. To build shared DBA
extension use --enable-dba=shared
--with-qdbm=DIR DBA: QDBM support
--with-gdbm=DIR DBA: GDBM support
--with-ndbm=DIR DBA: NDBM support
--with-db4=DIR DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 4.x or 5.x support
--with-db3=DIR DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 3.x support
--with-db2=DIR DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 2.x support
--with-db1=DIR DBA: Oracle Berkeley DB 1.x support/emulation
--with-dbm=DIR DBA: DBM support
--with-tcadb=DIR DBA: Tokyo Cabinet abstract DB support
--with-lmdb=DIR DBA: Lightning memory-mapped database support
--without-cdb=DIR DBA: CDB support (bundled)
--disable-inifile DBA: INI support (bundled)
--disable-flatfile DBA: FlatFile support (bundled)
--disable-dom Disable DOM support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR DOM: libxml2 install prefix
--with-enchant=DIR Include enchant support.
GNU Aspell version 1.1.3 or higher required.
--enable-exif Enable EXIF (metadata from images) support
--disable-fileinfo Disable fileinfo support
--disable-filter Disable input filter support
--with-pcre-dir FILTER: pcre install prefix
--enable-ftp Enable FTP support
--with-openssl-dir=DIR FTP: openssl install prefix
--with-gd=DIR Include GD support. DIR is the GD library base
install directory BUNDLED
--with-webp-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libwebp install prefix
--with-jpeg-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libjpeg install prefix
--with-png-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libpng install prefix
--with-zlib-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libz install prefix
--with-xpm-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to libXpm install prefix
--with-freetype-dir=DIR GD: Set the path to FreeType 2 install prefix
--enable-gd-jis-conv GD: Enable JIS-mapped Japanese font support
--with-gettext=DIR Include GNU gettext support
--with-gmp=DIR Include GNU MP support
--with-mhash=DIR Include mhash support
--disable-hash Disable hash support
--without-iconv=DIR Exclude iconv support
--with-imap=DIR Include IMAP support. DIR is the c-client install prefix
--with-kerberos=DIR IMAP: Include Kerberos support. DIR is the Kerberos install prefix
--with-imap-ssl=DIR IMAP: Include SSL support. DIR is the OpenSSL install prefix
--with-interbase=DIR Include Firebird support. DIR is the Firebird base
install directory /opt/firebird
--enable-intl Enable internationalization support
--with-icu-dir=DIR Specify where ICU libraries and headers can be found
--disable-json Disable JavaScript Object Serialization support
--with-ldap=DIR Include LDAP support
--with-ldap-sasl=DIR LDAP: Include Cyrus SASL support
--enable-mbstring Enable multibyte string support
--disable-mbregex MBSTRING: Disable multibyte regex support
--disable-mbregex-backtrack
MBSTRING: Disable multibyte regex backtrack check
--with-libmbfl=DIR MBSTRING: Use external libmbfl. DIR is the libmbfl base
install directory BUNDLED
--with-onig=DIR MBSTRING: Use external oniguruma. DIR is the oniguruma install prefix.
If DIR is not set, the bundled oniguruma will be used
--with-mysqli=FILE Include MySQLi support. FILE is the path
to mysql_config. If no value or mysqlnd is passed
as FILE, the MySQL native driver will be used
--enable-embedded-mysqli
MYSQLi: Enable embedded support
Note: Does not work with MySQL native driver!
--with-mysql-sock=SOCKPATH
MySQLi/PDO_MYSQL: Location of the MySQL unix socket pointer.
If unspecified, the default locations are searched
--with-oci8=DIR Include Oracle Database OCI8 support. DIR defaults to $ORACLE_HOME.
Use --with-oci8=instantclient,/path/to/instant/client/lib
to use an Oracle Instant Client installation
--with-odbcver=HEX Force support for the passed ODBC version. A hex number is expected, default 0x0350.
Use the special value of 0 to prevent an explicit ODBCVER to be defined.
--with-adabas=DIR Include Adabas D support /usr/local
--with-sapdb=DIR Include SAP DB support /usr/local
--with-solid=DIR Include Solid support /usr/local/solid
--with-ibm-db2=DIR Include IBM DB2 support /home/db2inst1/sqllib
--with-ODBCRouter=DIR Include ODBCRouter.com support /usr
--with-empress=DIR Include Empress support \$EMPRESSPATH
(Empress Version >= 8.60 required)
--with-empress-bcs=DIR
Include Empress Local Access support \$EMPRESSPATH
(Empress Version >= 8.60 required)
--with-birdstep=DIR Include Birdstep support /usr/local/birdstep
--with-custom-odbc=DIR Include user defined ODBC support. DIR is ODBC install base
directory /usr/local. Make sure to define CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS and
have some odbc.h in your include dirs. f.e. you should define
following for Sybase SQL Anywhere 5.5.00 on QNX, prior to
running this configure script:
CPPFLAGS=\"-DODBC_QNX -DSQLANY_BUG\"
LDFLAGS=-lunix
CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS=\"-ldblib -lodbc\"
--with-iodbc=DIR Include iODBC support /usr/local
--with-esoob=DIR Include Easysoft OOB support /usr/local/easysoft/oob/client
--with-unixODBC=DIR Include unixODBC support /usr/local
--with-dbmaker=DIR Include DBMaker support
--disable-opcache Disable Zend OPcache support
--disable-opcache-file Disable file based caching
--disable-huge-code-pages
Disable copying PHP CODE pages into HUGE PAGES
--enable-pcntl Enable pcntl support (CLI/CGI only)
--disable-pdo Disable PHP Data Objects support
--with-pdo-dblib=DIR PDO: DBLIB-DB support. DIR is the FreeTDS home directory
--with-pdo-firebird=DIR PDO: Firebird support. DIR is the Firebird base
install directory /opt/firebird
--with-pdo-mysql=DIR PDO: MySQL support. DIR is the MySQL base directory
If no value or mysqlnd is passed as DIR, the
MySQL native driver will be used
--with-zlib-dir=DIR PDO_MySQL: Set the path to libz install prefix
--with-pdo-oci=DIR PDO: Oracle OCI support. DIR defaults to $ORACLE_HOME.
Use --with-pdo-oci=instantclient,/path/to/instant/client/lib
for an Oracle Instant Client installation.
--with-pdo-odbc=flavour,dir
PDO: Support for 'flavour' ODBC driver.
include and lib dirs are looked for under 'dir'.

'flavour' can be one of: ibm-db2, iODBC, unixODBC, generic
If ',dir' part is omitted, default for the flavour
you have selected will be used. e.g.:

--with-pdo-odbc=unixODBC

will check for unixODBC under /usr/local. You may attempt
to use an otherwise unsupported driver using the \"generic\"
flavour. The syntax for generic ODBC support is:

--with-pdo-odbc=generic,dir,libname,ldflags,cflags

When built as 'shared' the extension filename is always pdo_odbc.so
--with-pdo-pgsql=DIR PDO: PostgreSQL support. DIR is the PostgreSQL base
install directory or the path to pg_config
--without-pdo-sqlite=DIR
PDO: sqlite 3 support. DIR is the sqlite base
install directory BUNDLED
--with-pgsql=DIR Include PostgreSQL support. DIR is the PostgreSQL
base install directory or the path to pg_config
--disable-phar Disable phar support
--disable-posix Disable POSIX-like functions
--with-pspell=DIR Include PSPELL support.
GNU Aspell version 0.50.0 or higher required
--with-libedit=DIR Include libedit readline replacement (CLI/CGI only)
--with-readline=DIR Include readline support (CLI/CGI only)
--with-recode=DIR Include recode support
--disable-session Disable session support
--with-mm=DIR SESSION: Include mm support for session storage
--enable-shmop Enable shmop support
--disable-simplexml Disable SimpleXML support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR SimpleXML: libxml2 install prefix
--with-snmp=DIR Include SNMP support
--with-openssl-dir=DIR SNMP: openssl install prefix
--enable-soap Enable SOAP support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR SOAP: libxml2 install prefix
--enable-sockets Enable sockets support
--with-sodium=DIR Include sodium support
--with-password-argon2=DIR Include Argon2 support in password_*. DIR is the Argon2 shared library path]
--enable-sysvmsg Enable sysvmsg support
--enable-sysvsem Enable System V semaphore support
--enable-sysvshm Enable the System V shared memory support
--with-tidy=DIR Include TIDY support
--disable-tokenizer Disable tokenizer support
--enable-wddx Enable WDDX support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR WDDX: libxml2 install prefix
--with-libexpat-dir=DIR WDDX: libexpat dir for XMLRPC-EPI (deprecated)
--disable-xml Disable XML support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR XML: libxml2 install prefix
--with-libexpat-dir=DIR XML: libexpat install prefix (deprecated)
--disable-xmlreader Disable XMLReader support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR XMLReader: libxml2 install prefix
--with-xmlrpc=DIR Include XMLRPC-EPI support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: libxml2 install prefix
--with-libexpat-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: libexpat dir for XMLRPC-EPI (deprecated)
--with-iconv-dir=DIR XMLRPC-EPI: iconv dir for XMLRPC-EPI
--disable-xmlwriter Disable XMLWriter support
--with-libxml-dir=DIR XMLWriter: libxml2 install prefix
--with-xsl=DIR Include XSL support. DIR is the libxslt base
install directory (libxslt >= 1.1.0 required)
--enable-zend-test Enable zend-test extension
--enable-zip Include Zip read/write support
--with-zlib-dir=DIR ZIP: Set the path to libz install prefix
--with-pcre-dir ZIP: pcre install prefix
--with-libzip=DIR ZIP: use libzip
--enable-mysqlnd Enable mysqlnd explicitly, will be done implicitly
when required by other extensions
--disable-mysqlnd-compression-support
Disable support for the MySQL compressed protocol in mysqlnd
--with-zlib-dir=DIR mysqlnd: Set the path to libz install prefix

PEAR:

--with-pear=DIR Install PEAR in DIR [PREFIX/lib/php]
--without-pear Do not install PEAR

Zend:

--enable-maintainer-zts Enable thread safety - for code maintainers only!!
--disable-inline-optimization
If building zend_execute.lo fails, try this switch
--disable-zend-signals whether to enable zend signal handling

TSRM:

--with-tsrm-pth=pth-config
Use GNU Pth
--with-tsrm-st Use SGI's State Threads
--with-tsrm-pthreads Use POSIX threads (default)

Libtool:

--enable-shared=PKGS Build shared libraries default=yes
--enable-static=PKGS Build static libraries default=yes
--enable-fast-install=PKGS
Optimize for fast installation default=yes
--with-gnu-ld Assume the C compiler uses GNU ld default=no
--disable-libtool-lock Avoid locking (might break parallel builds)
--with-pic Try to use only PIC/non-PIC objects default=use both
--with-tags=TAGS Include additional configurations automatic


Some influential environment variables:
CC C compiler command
CFLAGS C compiler flags
LDFLAGS linker flags, e.g. -L<lib dir> if you have libraries in a
nonstandard directory <lib dir>
LIBS libraries to pass to the linker, e.g. -l<library>
CPPFLAGS (Objective) C/C++ preprocessor flags, e.g. -I<include dir> if
you have headers in a nonstandard directory <include dir>
CPP C preprocessor
YACC The `Yet Another Compiler Compiler' implementation to use.
Defaults to the first program found out of: `bison -y', `byacc',
`yacc'.
YFLAGS The list of arguments that will be passed by default to $YACC.
This script will default YFLAGS to the empty string to avoid a
default value of `-d' given by some make applications.
CXX C++ compiler command
CXXFLAGS C++ compiler flags
CXXCPP C++ preprocessor

Use these variables to override the choices made by `configure' or to help
it to find libraries and programs with nonstandard names/locations.

Report bugs to the package provider.

php各参数配置详解

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--prefix=/usr/local/php                      //指定 php 安装目录 
--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs //整合apache,
//apxs功能是使用mod_so中的LoadModule指令,
//加载指定模块到 apache,要求 apache 要打开SO模块
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc //指定php.ini位置
--with-MySQL=/usr/local/mysql //mysql安装目录,对mysql的支持
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config
//mysqli扩展技术不仅可以调用MySQL的存储过程、处理MySQL事务,
//而且还可以使访问数据库工作变得更加稳定。
--enable-safe-mode //打开安全模式
--enable-ftp //打开ftp的支持
--enable-zip //打开对zip的支持

--with-bz2 //打开对bz2文件的支持
--with-jpeg-dir //打开对jpeg图片的支持
--with-png-dir //打开对png图片的支持
--with-freetype-dir //打开对freetype字体库的支持
--without-iconv //关闭iconv函数,各种字符集间的转换
--with-libXML-dir //打开libxml2库的支持
--with-XMLrpc //打开xml-rpc的c语言
--with-zlib-dir //打开zlib库的支持
--with-gd //打开gd库的支持
--enable-gd-native-ttf //支持TrueType字符串函数库
--with-curl //打开curl浏览工具的支持
--with-curlwrappers //运用curl工具打开url流
--with-ttf //打开freetype1.*的支持,可以不加了
--with-xsl //打开XSLT 文件支持,扩展了libXML2库 ,需要libxslt软件
--with-gettext //打开gnu 的gettext 支持,编码库用到
--with-pear //打开pear命令的支持,PHP扩展用的
--enable-calendar //打开日历扩展功能
--enable-mbstring //多字节,字符串的支持
--enable-bcmath //打开图片大小调整,用到zabbix监控的时候用到了这个模块
--enable-sockets //打开 sockets 支持
--enable-exif //图片的元数据支持
--enable-magic-quotes //魔术引用的支持
--disable-rpath //关闭额外的运行库文件
--disable-debug //关闭调试模式
--with-mime-magic=/usr/share/file/magic.mime //魔术头文件位置

CGI方式安装才用的参数

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--enable-fpm                 //打上PHP-fpm 补丁后才有这个参数,CGI方式安装的启动程序
--enable-fastCGI //支持fastcgi方式启动PHP
--enable-force-CGI-redirect //重定向方式启动PHP
--with-ncurses //支持ncurses 屏幕绘制以及基于文本终端的图形互动功能的动态库
--enable-pcntl //freeTDS需要用到的,可能是链接mssql 才用到
--with-mcrypt //mcrypt算法的扩展
--with-mhash //mhash算法的扩展

//以上函数库需要安装

--with-gmp //应该是支持一种规范
--enable-inline-optimization //优化线程
--with-openssl //openssl的支持,加密传输时用到的
--enable-dbase //建立DBA 作为共享模块
--with-pcre-dir=/usr/local/bin/pcre-config //perl的正则库案安装位置
--disable-dmalloc
--with-gdbm //dba的gdbm支持
--enable-sigchild
--enable-sysvsem
--enable-sysvshm
--enable-zend-multibyte //支持zend的多字节
--enable-mbregex
--enable-wddx
--enable-shmop
--enable-soap

注意事项

  • 指定了–with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs以后,就不要再激活–enable-fpm和–enable-fastCGI,apxs是以php module的模式加载PHP的。
  • Mysql在编译了Mysql开发library以后,可以不用指定mysql的路径。
  • PHP编译存在基础的依赖的关系,编译PHP首先需要安装XML扩展,因为php5核心默认打开了XML的支持,其他的基础库,相应需要:GD -> zlib, Png, Jpg, 如果需要支持其他,仍需要根据实际情况编译扩展库,ttf库需要freetype库的支持。
  • –enable-magic-quotes,是一个极其不推荐的参数,当然,如果你需要PHP为你做这些底下的工作,实际上他也没有很彻底的解决问题。
  • –with-openssl,需要openssl库。mysqli是MySQL团队提供的MySQL驱动,具有很多实用的功能和典型特征。不过他不是MySQL于PHP平台最好的选择,PDO被证实,是一个简易、高并发性,而且易于创建和回收的标准接口。不过PDO也经历了5.3以前的内存溢出的问题,在5.3以后,在读取Oracle的LOB资源时,若不对内存进行限制,仍会内存溢出。
    如果是产品模式,好像pear、shmop、ftp等,都不推荐使用,他们要做的事情,用C/C++,用Java,甚至其他脚本语言,都有很好很快速的选择,无需局限于使用PHP去实现。不熟悉的类库和不常用的库,也不推荐使用。magic-quote、session.auto_start、PHP服务器信息、PHP报错信息等在编译完成后,应该第一时间关闭,避免暴露服务器信息。
  • PHP对应的Web Server模式,Module、fastcgi、fpm只需要一种即可,服务器不是你的试验田。fastcgi可以选择Nginx和lighttpd,其实Nginx也是使用lighttpd的spwan-fcgi进行fcgi进程管理的。fpm是使用PHP自身去管理多进程,有点类似一个后端代理。无论什么模式,在发布产品服务器,都应该做进程和线程调优,做足够多的压力测试,找出最好的进程数组合。
  • 选好一种PHP OPCode cache的扩展,这个也是很重要的,linux 2.6核心下,fcgi下,xcache有较好的实践经验,其他的在并发数增加以后,性能衰减严重。
  • 如果真的想体验,宁可编译多几个PHP版本,也不要针对一个版本的PHP集合各种扩展,适应各种环境,这会让把你自己逼进窘境的。

需要单独安装的扩展

  • gd库。
  • ming的扩展。
  • mhash和mcrypt的扩展。

详细选项上,除了上述的安装简介外,也可以在编译时加入其它的选项。
apache 模块
语法: –with-apache=DIR
说明: 用本选项可以让PHP以apache的模块方式使用,DIR 的字符串可以是 /usr/local/apache 或其它安装apache的目录
范例: –with-apache=/var/lib/apache

fhttpd 服务器模块
语法: –with-fhttpd=DIR
说明: 若使用 fttpd 服务器,可以使用本指令编译 PHP。用模块的方式配合 fttpd 服务器,可以有较好的效率。

Adabas D 数据库
语法: –with-adabas=DIR
说明: 数据库系统为 Adabas D 数据库时需要加本选项。关于 Adabas D 数据库的细节,可以参考 http://www.adabas.com。
范例: –with-adabas=/usr/local/adabasd

dBase 资料表
语法: –with-dbase
说明: 只要加本选项,不用其它的参数或函数库,PHP 就会让系统有存取 dBase 资料表的功能。

filePro 数据库
语法: –with-filepro
说明: 不用指定数据库路径及其它函数库等,可以读取 filePro 数据库 (唯读)。

mSQL 数据库
语法: –with-msql=DIR
说明: 提供存取 mSQL 数据库。更多的细节请参考 mSQL 的网站 http://www.hughes.com.au。
范例: –with-msql=/usr/local/Hughes

MySQL 数据库
语法: –with-mysql=DIR
说明: 提供存取 MySQL 数据库。更多的细节请参考 MySQL 的网站 http://www.tcx.se。
范例: –with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql

iODBC 数据库装置
语法: –with-iodbc=DIR
说明: 提供 ODBC 数据库装置,用来存取后端数据库。更多的细节请参考 iODBC 的网站 http://www.iodbc.org。
范例: –with-iodbc=/usr/local/iodbc

OpenLink ODBC 数据库装置
语法: –with-openlink=DIR
说明: 使用 OpenLink ODBC 数据库装置,用来存取后端数据库。更多的细节请参考 OpenLink ODBC 的网站 http://www.openlinksw.com。
范例: –with-openlink=/usr/local/openlink

Oracle 数据库
语法: –with-oracle=DIR
说 明: 使用 Oracle 数据库。Oracle 的版本要在 7.3 版以上。您也可以在 PHP 程序中使用环境变量 ORACLE_HOME 来指定 Oracle 的路径。更多有关 Oracle 的信息请参考 Oracle 的网站 http://www.oracle.com。
范例: –with-oracle=/export/app/oracle/product/7.3.2

PostgreSQL 数据库
语法: –with-pgsql=DIR
说 明: 使用 PostgreSQL 数据库。更多有关 PostgreSQL 的信息请参考 PostgreSQL 的网站 http://www.postgreSQL.org 或台湾的 Mirror 站 http://postgresql.ccit.edu.tw。
范例: –with-pgsql=/usr/local/pgsql

Solid 数据库
语法: –with-solid=DIR
说明: 使用 Solid 数据库。更多有关 Solid 的信息请参考 Solid 的网站 http://www.solidtech.com。
范例: –with-solid=/usr/local/solid

Sybase 数据库
语法: –with-sybase=DIR
说明: 使用 Sybase 数据库。更多有关 Sybase 的信息请参考 Sybase 的网站 http://www.sybase.com。
范例: –with-sybase=/home/sybase

Sybase-CT 数据库
语法: –with-sybase-ct=DIR
说明: 使用 Sybase-CT 数据库。
范例: –with-sybase-ct=/home/sybase

Velocis 数据库
语法: –with-velocis=DIR
说明: 使用 Velocis 数据库。有关 Velocis 数据库的进一步资料请参考 Raima 公司的网站 http://www.raima.com。
范例: –with-velocis=/usr/local/velocis

自订 ODBC 数据库驱动程序
语法: –with-custom-odbc=DIR
说明: 使用自订的 ODBC 函数库。当然,在使用本方式时要指定 CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS 及 CFLAGS 变量。例如在 QNX 机器上使用 Sybase SQL Anywhere 时可能要配置系统环境变量 CFLAGS=-DODBC_QNX、LDFLAGS=-lunix 及 CUSTOM_ODBC_LIBS=”-ldblib -lodbc”,并要在 PHP 配置加入 –with-custom-odbc=/usr/lib/sqlany50
范例: –with-custom-odbc=/usr/local/odbc

不使用 ODBC 数据库驱动程序
语法: –disable-unified-odbc
说 明: 使用本选项将使所有的 ODBC 数据库驱动程序不作用。本选项不用指定路径,而受本选项影响的选项有 –with-iodbc、–with-solid、–with-adabas、–with-velocis 及 –with-custom-odbc。

LDAP 目录协议
语法: –with-ldap=DIR
说明: 若要使用目录协议 (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, LDAP) 则必须要打开本选项。有关 LDAP 的细节,可以参考 RFC 文件的 RFC1777 及 RFC1778。
范例: –with-ldap=/usr/local/ldap.

mcrypt 编码函数库
语法: –with-mcrypt=DIR
说明: 当安装了 mcrypt 函数库后,可在编译 PHP 时加入本选项,让程序可以使用编解码功能。
范例: –with-mcrypt=/usr/local/include

Sys V 信号
语法: –enable-sysvsem
说明: 要使用 SysV 的信号 (semaphores) 机制,则要打开本选项。

XML 支持
语法: –with-xml
说明: 打开本选项可以支持 James Clark’s 写的 XML 解析程序库。

维护模式
语法: –enable-maintainer-mode
说明: 本选项一般不会打开,除非是 PHP 开发人员比较有用。

正则表达式程序库
语法: –with-system-regex
说明: 若您需要额外的正则表达式功能,可以加入本选项。

PHP 配置文件
语法: –with-config-file-path=DIR
说明: 用来指定 php3.ini 或 php4.ini 的路径,供 PHP 初始化时使用。
范例: –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/lib

PHP 执行路径
语法: –with-exec-dir=DIR
说明: 有时为了系统的安全性考虑,会指定 PHP 程序一定要在哪个目录执行。
范例: –with-exec-dir=/usr/local/bin

调试模式
语法: –enable-debug
说明: 本选项一般不会使用,除非在开发 PHP 程序时比较有用。它可以显示额外的错误信息。

安全模式
语法: –enable-safe-mode
说明: 默认值是打开的,可以对系统安全提供比较多的保护。

变量追踪
语法: –enable-track-vars
说明: 让 PHP 能 追踪 HTTP_GET_VARS、HTTP_POST_VARS 及 HTTP_COOKIE_VARS 三个变量,一般是打开的。

自动加引入字符
语法: –enable-magic-quotes
说明: 可让程序在执行时自动加入反斜线的引入字符。

打开调试器
语法: –enable-debugger
说明: 打开内建的 PHP 调试器。目前本功能还在实验阶段,尚未成熟。

取消路径 (discard path)
语法: –enable-discard-path
说明: 打开这个选项,用户就不能透过浏览器读取 .htaccess 等和系统安全相关的文件。

高精确度数学函数
语法: –enable-bcmath
说明: 打开高精确度函数。必须要先安装本函数库,本选项方有效。

强制 CGI 重定向
语法: –enable-force-cgi-redirect
范 例: 若使用 CGI VERSION 模式来执行 PHP 的设,打开本选项会增加安全性。例如用户读 http://my.host/cgi-bin/php/secret/doc.html 遇到比较了解 PHP 系统的黑客级用户可能会自已输入以下网址 http://my.host/secret/doc.html 来读取相关信息。若 PHP 和 Apache 编译在一起,让 PHP 变成 Apache 的一部份,则不需要加入本选项。

不使用短的标记
语法: –disable-short-tags
说明: 配置本选项后,PHP 的程序就不能使用短的标记,一定要用的长标记。

引入远端档宁
语法: –enable-url-includes
说明: 配置本选项可让 PHP 程序可以引入 (include) 远端的 HTTP 或 FTP 服务器中的文件。

关闭语法效果
语法: –disable-syntax-hl
说明: 使用本选项会关闭 PHP 语法的彩色效果。

函数库路径
语法: CPPFLAGS=-IDIR 及 LDFLAGS=-LDIR
说明: 若 PHP 在安全或编译所需的函数库在值得的路径,需要加入本选项,LDFLAGS 表示函数库的路径,CPPFLAGS 表示标头文件的路径。
范例: LDFLAGS=-L/my/lib/dir CPPFLAGS=-I/my/include/dir ./configure

配置项代码

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./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php  
--enable-mysqlnd --enable-opcache --enable-sockets --enable-sysvmsg
--enable-sysvsem --enable-sysvshm --enable-shmop --enable-zip
--enable-ftp --enable-soap --enable-xml --enable-mbstring --disable-rpath
--disable-debug --disable-fileinfo --with-mysql=mysqlnd
--with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-pcre-regex
--with-iconv --with-zlib --with-gd --with-openssl --with-xmlrpc
--with-curl --with-imap-ssl --with-freetype-dir --enable-fpm
--enable-pcntl --with-mcrypt --with-mhash
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